Picture Symbol Topic Boards for Written Language Ralph Fletcher entitled his book, What a Writer Needs. In his reflections on writing, he answers his question. Simply put, a writer needs words. Words are the tools of composition (Fletcher, 1993). They form the bases of the vocabulary selection and the organization of the messages that would differentiate, ... Article
Article  |   April 01, 2007
Picture Symbol Topic Boards for Written Language
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Cynthia C. Millikin
    Aurora Public Schools, Aurora, CO
Article Information
Augmentative & Alternative Communication / Articles
Article   |   April 01, 2007
Picture Symbol Topic Boards for Written Language
SIG 12 Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, April 2007, Vol. 16, 13-19. doi:10.1044/aac16.1.13
SIG 12 Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, April 2007, Vol. 16, 13-19. doi:10.1044/aac16.1.13
Ralph Fletcher entitled his book, What a Writer Needs. In his reflections on writing, he answers his question. Simply put, a writer needs words. Words are the tools of composition (Fletcher, 1993). They form the bases of the vocabulary selection and the organization of the messages that would differentiate, for example, a persuasive piece from an expository one. Powerful writers have extensive vocabularies, with writing their craft. They play with words and manipulate their interconnectedness to build the exact messages they wish to convey. What happens if an individual has a print-based disability and does not have ready access to words? Students who have the verbal vocabulary to construct messages, but lack the print-based skills to independently reproduce those words in written form, are frequently “left behind” in today's classrooms. Problems with the mechanics of writing, particularly spelling, interfere with or block their composition experiences and learning.
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